Permissions for users and two-factor authentication are the most important element of a secure security infrastructure. The ability to manage permissions for users is an essential tool for reducing the likelihood that malicious or accidental insider activity will occur, minimizing effects of data breaches and ensuring compliance with regulatory requirements.

1. Reduce the risk of insider Threats

The principle of least privilege is a common method of limiting access for users. This implies that users should be granted only access to the resources they require to fulfill their job. This helps to limit the impact of any illegal action that is performed by employees or other vendors.

2. Reduce the risk of a Data Breach

Many industries are governed by strict laws that require the use of strong data protection practices. By managing user permissions companies can ensure compliance by ensuring that only authorized individuals have access to sensitive data.

3. Reduce the Risk of Third-Party Vendor Activity

Many data breaches are caused by compromised credentials by third-party vendors. Regularly reviewing and updating the user’s permissions can reduce the chance that external vendors gain access without authorization.

4. Provide flexibility for Privilege Escalation

Role-based access control (RBAC) is a popular method of managing user permissions which assigns access rights depending on predefined roles. The roles can be nested to allow for specific access control. A senior physician, for instance, could have greater privileges when viewing patient data than an internist. RBAC can also be configured to require a two-factor authentication (2FA), even for specific roles, to limit the risk of an unauthorized entry, even if passwords are compromised.

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